All peer-reviewed publications now linked. For those on researchgate some are also lodged there. I have copies I can email on request of most of the papers that are paywalled (denoted by ($)) although in recent years I've tried to advocate going with Open Access journals (denoted by (OA)) or at least those that allow OA after paying them more $s, admittedly to mixed effect with the lead authors. Some pieces were invited and in such cases the journal policy applies. Some pieces simply the grant did not extend to paying for OA. Sometimes life just sucks like that I'm afraid. Often just getting the base publication fee out of the purse holders hands was an adventure in and of itself.

If links have broken or I have put OA when paywalled or vice-versa feel free to let me know.

h-index: 36 (Researcherid); 50 (Google scholar) (as at 29/06/20)

Peer reviewed

Accepted / In press


  1. Matthews, T. et al. (2022) 'Latent heat must be visible in climate communications', WIRES Clim. Change, (OA)

  2. Awe, S. et al. (2022) 'Insights from 20 years of temperature parallel measurements in Mauritius around the turn of the 20th century', Clim. Past, 18, 793–820, (OA)

  3. Madonna, F. et al. (2021) 'The new Radiosounding HARMonization (RHARM) dataset of homogenized radiosounding temperature, humidity and wind profiles with uncertainties', JGR, (OA)

  4. Zhou, C., et al. (2020). 'A new approach to homogenize global sub-daily radiosonde temperature data from 1958 to 2018'. J Climate 1-64. (OA)

  5. Noone, S., et al. (2020). 'Progress towards a holistic land and marine surface meteorological database and a call for additional contributions'.Geosci. Data J.2020,00:1-18. doi: 10.1002/gdj3.109 (OA)

  6. Gillespie, I.M., Haimberger,L.,Compo,G.P. and Thorne, P.W.,(2020).'Assessing potential of sparse-input reanalyses for centennial-scale land surface air temperature homogenisation'. Int'l Journal of Climatology doi: 10.1002/joc.6898. (OA)

  7. Rhonda McGovern & Peter Thorne (2020): Citizens assemble: a study on the impact of climate reporting in the Irish media ‘before’, ‘during’ and ‘after’ the Citizens’ Assembly on ‘how the state can make Ireland a leader in tackling climate change’, Irish Political Studies, DOI:10.1080/07907184.2020.1811970

  8. Madonna, F. et al. (2020) Use of automatic radiosonde launchers to measure temperature and humidity profiles from the GRUAN perspective, Atmos. Meas. Tech., (OA)

  9. Dirksen, R. J., et al. (2020) Progress in managing the transition from the RS92 to the Vaisala RS41 as the operational radiosonde within the GCOS Reference Upper-Air Network, Geosci. Instrum. Method. Data Syst. (OA)

  10. Rayner, N. A., et al. (2020) The EUSTACE project: delivering global, daily information on surface air temperature. Bull. Amer. Meteor. Soc., doi: (OA)

  11. Sterckx, S. et al. (2020) Towards a European Cal/Val service for earth observation, International Journal of Remote Sensing, 41:12, 4496-4511, DOI: 10.1080/01431161.2020.1718240 (OA)

  12. Brönnimann, S., et al. (2019) Unlocking pre-1850 instrumental meteorological records: A global inventory. Bull. Amer. Meteor. Soc., 100 (12): ES389–ES413 (OA)

  13. Noone, S., et al. (2019) Geo-locate project: a novel approach to resolving meteorological station location issues with the assistance of undergraduate students. Geoscience Communication , 2-157-171,2019. (OA).

  14. Murphy, C, et al. (2019) Multi‐century trends to wetter winters and drier summers in the England and Wales precipitation series explained by observational and sampling bias in early records. Int J Climatol.; 1– 10.

  15. Philipona, R., et al. (2018). Radiosondes show that after decades of cooling, the lower stratosphere is now warming. Journal of Geophysical Research: Atmospheres, 123, 12,509–12,522.

  16. Ryan, C., et al. (2018) Integrating Data Rescue into the Classroom. Bull. Amer. Meteor. Soc., 99, 1757–1764,

  17. Cowtan, KD, et al. (2018), 'Statistical analysis of coverage error in simple global temperature estimators' Dynamics and Statistics of the Climate System: An Interdisciplinary Journal. DOI: 10.1093/climsys/dzy003

  18. Phillips, C. et al. (2018) 'Assessing citizen science participation skill for altruism or university course credit: A case study analysis using Cyclone Center'. Citizen Science: Theory and Practice

  19. Murphy, C. et al. (2018), A 305-year continuous monthly rainfall series for the Island of Ireland (1711–2016), Clim. Past Discuss., (OA)

  20. Thorne, P.W. et al. (2018), Towards a global land surface climate fiducial reference measurements network. IJOC, (OA)

  21. Thorne, P.W., et al. (2017), Towards an integrated set of surface meteorological observations for climate science and applications. Bull. Amer. Meteor. Soc., (OA)

  22. Thorne, P. W. et al (2017) Making better sense of the mosaic of environmental measurement networks: a system-of-systems approach and quantitative assessment, Geosci. Instrum. Method. Data Syst., 6, 453-472. (OA)

  23. Bethke, I. et al. (2017) Potential volcanic impacts on future climate variability. Nature Clim. Change, doi:10.1038/nclimate3394 ($)

  24. Huang, B., et al. (2017) Extended Reconstructed Sea Surface Temperature, Version 5 (ERSSTv5): Upgrades, Validations, and Intercomparisons. J. Climate, 30, 8179–8205, (OA)

  25. Hawkins, E., et al., (2017), Estimating Changes in Global Temperature since the Preindustrial Period. Bull. Amer. Meteor. Soc., 98, 1841–1856, (OA)

  26. Suárez-Gutiérrez, L. et al. (2017), Internal variability in simulated and observed tropical tropospheric temperature trends, Geophys. Res. Lett., 44, 5709–5719, doi:10.1002/2017GL073798 ($)

  27. Thorne, P.W. (2017), "Briefing: Global surface temperature records: an update", Proceedings of the Institution of Civil Engineers - Forensic Engineering, ($)

  28. Brogniez, H. et al. (2016), "A review of sources of systematic errors and uncertainties in observations and simulations at 183 GHz", Atmos. Meas. Tech., 9, 2207-2221, doi:10.5194/amt-9-2207-2016, (OA)

  29. Huang, B. et al. (2016), "Further Exploring and Quantifying Uncertainties for Extended Reconstructed Sea Surface Temperature (ERSST) Version 4 (v4)" J. Climate, 29, 3119–3142, doi: 10.1175/JCLI-D-15-0430.1. ($)

  30. Thorne, P. W. et al. (2016), "Reassessing changes in Diurnal Temperature Range: Intercomparison and evaluation of existing global dataset estimates.", JGR-Atmos., 121, 5138-5158, doi:10.1002/2015JD024584 ($ until May 2018)

  31. Thorne, P. W. et al. (2016), "Reassessing changes in Diurnal Temperature Range: A new dataset and characterization of data biases.", JGR-Atmos., 121, 5115-5137, doi:10.1002/2015JD024583 ($ until May 2018)

  32. G. E. Bodeker et al. (2016): Reference Upper-Air Observations for Climate: From Concept to Reality. Bull. Amer. Meteor. Soc., 97, 123–135. doi: (OA)

  33. Outten, S. et al. (2015), "Investigating the recent apparent hiatus in surface temperature increases: 1. Construction of two 30-member Earth System Model ensembles", JGR, 120, doi:10.1002/2015JD023859, (OA)

  34. Thorne, P. W. et al. (2015), "Investigating the recent apparent hiatus in surface temperature increases: 2. Comparison of model ensembles to observational estimates" JGR, 120, doi:10.1002/2014JD022805, (OA)

  35. Thorne, P. W. (2015), "How do we know the globe warmed? What do we know about why?" Proceedings of the ICE - Forensic Engineering, Volume 168, Issue 2, doi:10.1680/feng.15.00003,;jsessionid=faoewgjloh6b.x-telford-live-01 ($)

  36. Willett, K. M. et al. (2015), "Global Climate" [in “State of theClimate in 2014”]. BAMS, 96 (7), pp.S5-S58 (OA)

  37. Hennon, C. C. et al. (2015), "Cyclone Center: Can Citizen scientists Improve Tropical Cyclone Intensity Records?" BAMS, 96, 591–607. doi: (OA)

  38. Liu, W. et al., (2015), "Extended Reconstructed Sea Surface Temperature version 4 (ERSST.v4): Part II. Parametric and Structural Uncertainty Estimations", J. Clim., 28, 931–951. doi: ($)

  39. Huang, B. et al. (2015), "Extended Reconstructed Sea Surface Temperature version 4 (ERSST.v4), Part 1. Upgrades and Intercomparisons", J. Clim., 28, 911–930. doi: ($)

  40. Willett, K. M. et al. (2014), "HadISDH land surface multi-variable humidity and temperature record for climate monitoring", Clim. Past, 10, 1983–2006, doi:10.5194/cp-10-1983-2014 (OA)

  41. Willett, K. M. et al. (2014), "A framework for benchmarking of homogenisation algorithm performance on the global scale", Geosci. Instrum. Method. Data Syst., 3, 187–200, doi:10.5194/gi-3-187-2014 (OA)

  42. Craigmile, P. F. et al. (2014), “Warm streaks in the U.S. temperature record: What are the chances?” JGR, 119, doi:10.1002/2013JD021446, (OA)

  43. Rennie, J. J. et al. (2014), “The international surface temperature initiative global land surface databank: monthly temperature data release description and methods”. Geosci. Data Journal, DOI: 10.1002/gdj3.8, (OA)

  44. Willett, K. M. et al. (2014), “Global climate” [in “State of the Climate in 2013”]. BAMS, 95(7) p. S5-S49 (OA)

  45. Merchant, C. J., et al. (2013), “The surface temperatures of Earth: steps towards integrated understanding of variability and change”, Geosci. Instrum. Method. Data Syst., 2, 305-321, doi:10.5194/gi-2-305-2013, (OA)

  46. Santer, B. D. et al. (2013), “Human and natural influences on the changing thermal structure of the atmosphere”, PNAS, 10.1073/pnas.1305332110, (OA)

  47. Blunden, J., and D. S. Arndt, Eds. (2013), State of the Climate in 2012. Bull. Amer. Meteor. Soc., 94 (8), S1-S238, (OA)

  48. Mitchell, D. M. et al. (2013), Revisiting the Controversial Issue of Tropical Tropospheric Temperature Trends, GRL, 40, 2801–2806 DOI: 10.1002/grl.50465, (OA)

  49. Diamond, H. J. et al. (2013), U.S. Climate Reference Network after One Decade of Operations: Status and Assessment. Bull. Amer. Meteor. Soc , (OA)

  50. Lott, F. et al. (2013), Models versus Radiosondes in the Free Atmosphere: A New Detection And Attribution Analysis of Temperature, JGR, 118, 2609-2619 DOI: 10.1002/jgrd.50255, (OA)

  51. Willett, K. M. et al., (2013), "HadISDH: An updateable land surface specific humidity product for climate monitoring" Clim. Past, 9, 657-677, doi:10.5194/cp-9-657-2013, (OA)

  52. Santer, B. D. et al. (2013) Identifying human influences on atmospheric temperature PNAS, 110, 26-33, doi:10.1073/pnas.1210514109, (OA)

  53. Jay Lawrimore, Jared Rennie and Peter Thorne (2013) Responding to the Need for Better Global Temperature Data, EOS, 94 (6), 61–62 DOI: 10.1002/2013EO060002, (OA)

  54. Dunn, R. J. H., Willett, K. M. et al. (2012) HadISD: a quality-controlled global synoptic report database for selected variables at long-term stations from 1973-2011. Clim. Past, 8, 1649-1679 doi:10.5194/cp-8-1649-2012, (OA)

  55. Blunden, J., and D. S. Arndt, Eds., (2012) State of the Climate in 2011. Bull. Amer. Meteor. Soc., 93 (7), S1-S264, (OA)

  56. Mears, C. A., Thorne, P. et al. (2012) “Assessing the value of Microwave Sounding Unit-radiosonde comparisons in ascertaining errors in climate data records of tropospheric temperature” J. Geophys. Res., 117, D19103, doi:10.1029/2012JD017710, (OA)

  57. Vose, R. S, Appelquist, S. et al. (2012) “An Intercomparison of Temperature Trends in the U.S. Historical Climatology Network And Recent Atmospheric Reanalyses” Geophys. Res. Lett., 39, Art. No. L10703 doi:10.1029/2012GL051387, (OA)

  58. Chandler, R. E., Thorne, P. W. et al. (2012) “Building trust in climate science: data products for the 21st century” Environmetrics, 23, 373-381, ($)

  59. Williams, C. N., Menne, M. J. et al. (2012) “Benchmarking the performance of pairwise homogenization of surface temperatures in the United States” J. Geophys. Res., 117, D05116, doi:10.1029/2011JD016761, (OA)

  60. Thorne, P. W., J. R. Lanzante et al. (2011). “Tropospheric temperature trends: History of an ongoing controversy.” WIRES: Climate Change. 2: 66-88, DOI: 10.1002/wcc.80, (OA)

  61. Thorne, P. W. and R. S. Vose (2011). "Comments on "Reanalyses Suitable for Characterizing Long-Term Trends" Reply." Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society 92(1): 70-72. (OA)

  62. Dai, A. G., J. H. Wang, et al. (2011). "A New Approach to Homogenize Daily Radiosonde Humidity Data." Journal of Climate 24(4): 965-991. (OA)

  63. Mears, C. A., F. J. Wentz, et al. (2011) “Assessing uncertainty in estimates of atmospheric temperature changes from MSU and AMSU using a Monte-Carlo estimation technique” Journal of Geophysical Research - Atmospheres, 116, D08112 doi:10.1029/2010JD014954, (OA)

  64. Thorne, P. W., P. Brohan, et al. (2011) “A quantification of uncertainties in historical tropical tropospheric temperature trends from radiosondes” Journal of Geophysical Research - Atmospheres, doi:10.1029/2010JD015487, (OA)

  65. Seidel, D. J., N. P. Gillett et al. (2011) “Stratospheric temperature trends: Our evolving understanding.” WIRES: Climate Change, 2(4) 592-616, DOI: 10.1002/wcc.125, (OA)

  66. Blunden, J., D. S. Arndt et al. (2011) “State of the climate in 2010” Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society 92(6): S1-+, (OA)

  67. Peterson, T. C., K. M. Willett et al. (2011), “Observed changes in surface atmospheric energy over land” Geophys. Res. Lett., 38, L16707, doi:10.1029/2011GL048442, (OA)

  68. Thorne, P. W., K. M. Willett et al. (2011), “Guiding the Creation of a Comprehensive Surface Temperature Resource for 21st Century Climate Science.”, Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society, doi: 10.1175/2011BAMS3124.1, (OA)

  69. Santer, B. D., Mears, C.A, et al. (2011),"Separating Signal and Noise in Atmospheric Temperature Changes: The Importance of Timescale", Journal of Geophysical Research, doi:10.1029/2011JD016263, (OA)

  70. Simmons, A. J., K. M. Willett, et al. (2010). "Low-frequency variations in surface atmospheric humidity, temperature, and precipitation: Inferences from reanalyses and monthly gridded observational data sets." Journal of Geophysical Research-Atmospheres 115 Article Number: D01110 DOI: 10.1029/2009JD012442, (OA)

  71. Willett, K. M., P. D. Jones, et al. (2010). "A comparison of large scale changes in surface humidity over land in observations and CMIP3 general circulation models." Environmental Research Letters 5(2) Article Number: 025210 DOI: 10.1088/1748-9326/5/2/025210, (OA)

  72. Baringer, M. O., D. S. Arndt, et al. (2010). "STATE OF THE CLIMATE IN 2009." Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society 91(7): S1-+, (OA)

  73. Thorne, P. W. and R. S. Vose (2010). "REANALYSES SUITABLE FOR CHARACTERIZING LONG-TERM TRENDS Are They Really Achievable?" Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society 91(3): 353-+, (OA)

  74. Immler, F. J., J. Dykema, et al. (2010). "Reference Quality Upper-Air Measurements: guidance for developing GRUAN data products." Atmospheric Measurement Techniques 3(5): 1217-1231, doi:10.5194/amt-3-1217-2010, (OA)

  75. Seidel, D. J., F. H. Berger, et al. (2009). "REFERENCE UPPER-AIR OBSERVATIONS FOR CLIMATE Rationale, Progress, and Plans." Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society 90(3): 361-+, (OA)

  76. Peterson, T. C., M. O. Baringer, et al. (2009). "State of the Climate in 2008." Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society 90(8): S13-+, (OA)

  77. McCarthy, M. P., P. W. Thorne, et al. (2009). "An Analysis of Tropospheric Humidity Trends from Radiosondes." Journal of Climate 22(22): 5820-5838, doi:10.1175/2009JCLI2879.1, (OA)

  78. Doherty, S. J., S. Bojinski, et al. (2009). "LESSONS LEARNED FROM IPCC AR4 Scientific Developments Needed To Understand, Predict, And Respond To Climate Change." Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society 90(4): 497-+, (OA)

  79. Sherwood, S. C., H. A. Titchner, et al. (2009). "How do we tell which estimates of past climate change are correct." International Journal of Climatology 29(10): 1520-1523, doi:10.1002/joc.1825, (OA)

  80. Titchner, H. A., P. W. Thorne, et al. (2009). "Critically Reassessing Tropospheric Temperature Trends from Radiosondes Using Realistic Validation Experiments." Journal of Climate 22(3): 465-485, (OA)

  81. Kennedy, J., H. Titchner, et al. (2008). "Global and regional climate in 2007." Weather 63(10): 296-304, (OA)

  82. McCarthy, M. P., H. A. Titchner, et al. (2008). "Assessing bias and uncertainty in the HadAT-adjusted radiosonde climate record." Journal of Climate 21(4): 817-832, (OA)

  83. Santer, B. D., P. W. Thorne, et al. (2008). "Consistency of modelled and observed temperature trends in the tropical troposphere." International Journal of Climatology 28(13): 1703-1722, doi:10.1002/joc.1756

  84. Thorne, P. W. (2008). "Arctic tropospheric warming amplification?" Nature 455(7210): E1-E2. doi: 10.1038/nature07256 ($)

  85. Willett, K. M., P. D. Jones, et al. (2008). "Recent Changes in Surface Humidity: Development of the HadCRUH Dataset." Journal of Climate 21(20): 5364-5383, (OA)

  86. Willett, K. M., N. P. Gillett, et al. (2007). "Attribution of observed surface humidity changes to human influence." Nature 449(7163): 710-U716. doi: 10.1038/nature06207, ($)

  87. Bengtsson, L., P. Arkin, et al. (2007). "The need for a dynamical climate reanalysis." Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society 88(4): 495-501, (OA)

  88. Thorne, P. W., D. E. Parker, et al. (2007). "Tropical vertical temperature trends: A real discrepancy?" Geophys. Res. Lett. 34(16), doi: 10.1029/2007GL029875, (OA)

  89. Stott, P. A., G. S. Jones, et al. (2006). "Transient climate simulations with the HadGEM1 climate model: Causes of past warming and future climate change." Journal of Climate 19(12): 2763-2782, (OA)

  90. Durre, M., T. Reale, et al. (2005). "Improving the usefulness of operational radiosonde data." Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society 86(3): 411-416, (OA)

  91. Thorne, P. W., D. E. Parker, et al. (2005). "Uncertainties in climate trends - Lessons from upper-air temperature records." Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society 86(10): 1437-+, (OA)

  92. Thorne, P. W., T. R. Karl, et al. (2005). "Vertical profiles of temperature trends." Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society 86(10): 1471-1476, (OA)

  93. Thorne, P. W., D. E. Parker, et al. (2005). "Revisiting radiosonde upper air temperatures from 1958 to 2002." Journal of Geophysical Research-Atmospheres 110(D18), doi:10.1029/2004JD005753 (OA)

  94. Santer, B. D., T. M. L. Wigley, et al. (2005). "Amplification of surface temperature trends and variability in the tropical atmosphere." Science 309(5740): 1551-1556, doi:10.1126/science.1114867 ($)

  95. Tett, S. and P. Thorne (2004). "Tropospheric temperature series from satellites." Nature 432(7017), doi:10.1038/nature03208 ($)

  96. Seidel, D. J., J. K. Angell, et al. (2004). "Uncertainty in signals of large-scale climate variations in radiosonde and satellite upper-air temperature datasets." Journal of Climate 17(11): 2225-2240,<2225:UISOLC>2.0.CO;2. (OA)

  97. Thorne, P. W., P. D. Jones, et al. (2003). "Probable causes of late twentieth century tropospheric temperature trends." Climate Dynamics 21(7-8): 573-591, doi:10.1007/s00382-003-0353-1, ($)

  98. Thorne, P. W., P. D. Jones, et al. (2002). "Assessing the robustness of zonal mean climate change detection." Geophysical Research Letters 29(19), doi:10.1029/2002GL015717, (OA)

  99. Thorne, P. W., P. D. Jones, et al. (2001). “Ascribing potential causes of recent trends in free atmosphere temperatures” Atmospheric Science Letters 2 132-142, (OA)

Non-peer reviewed

  1. McCarthy, G.D. and P.W. Thorne (2018), "Sluggish Atlantic circulation could cause global temperatures to surge" Nature, 559, 340-341, doi: 10.1038/d41586-018-05712-x

  2. Stott, P. A. and P. W. Thorne (2010). "How best to log local temperatures?" Nature 465(7295): 158-159, doi:10.1038/465158a ($)

  3. Thorne, P. W. (2008). "Atmospheric science - The answer is blowing in the wind." Nature Geoscience 1(6): 347-348, doi:10.1038/ngeo209, ($)

  4. Thorne, P. W., (2001) “Advancing climate change detection and attribution studies in the free atmosphere.” 288pp. PhD Thesis, University of East Anglia, Norwich, NR4 7TJ, United Kingdom. (OA)


  1. Drafting team member, Summary for Policy Makers, Working Group 1 contribution to the IPCC Sixth Assessment Report

  2. Section Lead, Technical Summary, Working Group 1 contribution to the IPCC Sixth Assessment Report

  3. Coordinating Lead Author, Chapter 2, Working Group 1 contribution to the IPCC Sixth Assessment Report

  4. Contributing author to Chapters 1 and 4 and Atlas of Working Group 1 contribution to the IPCC Sixth Assessment Report

  5. Lead Author, Chapter 2, Appendix 3 and Appendix 4, Third US National Climate Assessment,

  6. Contributing Author to Cross Chapter Boxes, Working Group 2 contribution to the IPCC Fifth Assessment Report,

  7. Lead Author, Chapter 2, Working Group 1 contribution to the IPCC Fifth Assessment Report,

  8. Contributing Author to Summary for Policy Makers, Technical Summary, and Chapters 9 and 10 of the Working Group 1 contribution to the Fifth Assessment Report of IPCC,

  9. Contributions (including lead authorship on two chapters) to: Temperature trends in the Lower Atmosphere: Steps for Understanding and Reconciling Differences. T. R. Karl, S. J. Hassol, C. D. Miller and W. L. Murray eds., (2006) A report by the Climate Change Science Program and the subcommittee on Global Change Research, Washington, DC.

  10. Contributing author to two chapters of the IPCC Fourth Assessment Report Working Group 1 contribution (Physical Science Basis).

Conference Proceedings

  1. Menne, M. J. et al. (2013), “Benchmarking the performance of pairwise homogenization of surface temperatures in the United States” AIP Conference Proceedings, 1552, doi: 10.1063/1.4821423, ($)

  2. Gardiner, T. et al., 2013, "Sampling and Measurement Issues in Establishing a Climate Reference Upper Air Network", AIP Conference Proceedings, 1552, 10.1063/1.4821422, ($)

  3. Lawrimore, J. H. et al., 2013, "The International Surface Temperature Initiative: Global Land surface Databank Development", AIP Conference Proceedings, 1552, 10.1063/1.4821420, ($)

  4. Thorne, P. W. et al., 2013, "GCOS Reference Upper Air Network (GRUAN): Steps Towards Assuring Future Records", AIP Conference Proceedings, 1552, 10.1063/1.4821421, ($)

  5. Thorne, P. W. et al., 2013, "The International Surface Temperature Initiative" AIP Conference Proceedings, 1552, 10.1063/1.4821418, ($)

Books and book chapters

  1. Thorne.P.W. (2021) 'Chapter 5 - Global surface temperatures' In: Climate Change (Third Edition). Science direct: Elsevier

  2. Danielsen, F., et al. (2021) 'Community-Based Monitoring in the Artic' In: Community-Based Monitoring in the Artic. Alaska: University of Alaska Press.

  3. Thorne, P. W.(2015), "Global Surface Temperatures" In: Climate Change: Observed Impacts on Planet Earth, 2nd Ed., Elsevier

Technical documents

  1. Global Climate Observing System, GCOS Reference Upper Air Network (GRUAN): Justification, requirements, siting and instrumentation options; 2007: WMO/TD No. 1379, GCOS-112, 42pp.

  2. Global Climate Observing System, GCOS Reference Upper Air Network (GRUAN) Report of the GRUAN Implementation Meeting; 2008: WMO/TD No. 1435, GCOS-121, 49pp.

  3. Global Climate Observing System, Report of the First GCOS Reference Upper Air Network Implementation and Coordination Meeting (GRUAN ICM-1), Norman, Oklahoma, USA, 2-4 March 2009; 2009: WMO/TD No. 1492, GCOS-131, 28pp.

  4. Global Climate Observing System, GRUAN Implementation Plan 2009-2013; 2009: WMO/TD No. 1506, GCOS-134, 60pp.

  5. Report of the Second GCOS Reference Upper Air Network Implementation and Coordination Meeting (GRUAN ICM-2), Payerne, Switzerland, 2-4 March 2010; 2010: WMO/TD No. 1526, GCOS-140, 64pp.

  6. Report of the Third GCOS Reference Upper Air Network Implementation and Coordination Meeting (GRUAN ICM-3), Queenstown, New Zealand, 28 February -4 March 2011, WMO/TD No. 1575, GCOS-149, 68pp.

  7. Report from the WIGOS Pilot Project Meeting on GRUAN Observing Practices and Governance, Geneva, Switzerland, 25-27 January 2012, GCOS-155, 26pp,

  8. Report of the Fourth GCOS Reference Upper-Air Network Implementation and Coordination Meeting (GRUAN ICM-4), Tokyo, Japan, 5-9 March 2012, GCOS-161, 62pp.

  9. GRUAN Implementation Plan 2013-2017, GCOS-165, 58pp.

  10. Report of the Fifth GCOS Reference Upper-Air Network Implementation and Coordination Meeting (GRUAN ICM-5), De Bilt, the Netherlands, 25 February - 1 March 2013, GCOS-167, 73pp.

  11. Report of the Fifth GCOS Reference Upper-Air Network Implementation and Coordination Meeting (GRUAN ICM-6), Greenbelt, USA, 10-14 March 2014, GCOS-180

  12. Workshop on the review of the GCOS Surface Network (GSN), GCOS Upper-Air Network (GUAN), and related atmospheric networks, Ispra, Italy, April 2014, GCOS-182

  13. GRUAN-GSICS-GNSSRO WIGOS Workshop on Upper-Air Observing System Integration and Application Geneva, 6-8 May 2014

  14. Status of the Global Observing System for Climate, 2015, GCOS-195

  15. The GCOS Status Report 2021, GCOS-240